The Basic Workflow

SubQuery TeamAbout 3 min

The Basic Workflow

In the quick start guide, we very quickly ran through an example to give you a taste of what SubQuery is and how it works. Here we'll take a closer look at the workflow when creating your project and the key files you'll be working with.

Some of the following examples will assume you have successfully initialized the starter package in the Quick start section. From that starter package, we'll walk through the standard process to customise and implement your SubQuery project.

  1. Initialise your project using subql init PROJECT_NAME.
  2. Update the Manifest file (project.yaml) to include information about your blockchain, and the entities that you will map - see Manifest File.
  3. Create GraphQL entities in your schema (schema.graphql) that define the shape of the data that you will extract and persist for querying - see GraphQL Schema.
  4. Add all the mapping functions (eg mappingHandlers.ts) you wish to invoke to transform chain data to the GraphQL entities that you have defined - see Mapping.
  5. Generate, build, and publish your code to SubQuery Projects (or run in your own local node) - see Running and Querying your Starter Project in our quick start guide.

Directory Structure

The following map provides an overview of the directory structure of a SubQuery project when the init command is run.

- project-name
  L .github
  L docker
  L src
    L mappings
      L mappingHandlers.ts
    L index.ts
  L .gitignore
  L docker-compose.yml
  L package.json
  L project.yaml
  L schema.graphql
  L tsconfig.json

For example:

SubQuery directory structure

Code Generation

SubQuery makes it easy and type-safe to work with your GraphQL entities, as well as smart contracts, events, transactions, and logs. SubQuery CLI will generate types from your project's GraphQL schema and any contract ABIs included in the data sources.

Whenever you change your GraphQL entities, you must regenerate your types directory with the following command:

This will create a new directory (or update the existing) src/types which contain generated entity classes for each type you have defined previously in schema.graphql. These classes provide type-safe entity loading, read and write access to entity fields - see more about this process in the GraphQL Schema. All entites can be imported from the following directory:

import { GraphQLEntity1, GraphQLEntity2 } from "../types";

If you're creating a new Etheruem based project (including Eth, Avalanche, and Substrate's Frontier EVM & Acala EVM+), this command will also generate ABI types and save them into src/types using the npx typechain --target=ethers-v5 command, allowing you to bind these contracts to specific addresses in the mappings and call read-only contract methods against the block being processed. It will also generate a class for every contract event to provide easy access to event parameters, as well as the block and transaction the event originated from. All of these types are written to src/typs/abi-interfaces and src/typs/contracts directories. In the example Gravatar SubQuery project, you would import these types like so.

import { GraphQLEntity1, GraphQLEntity2 } from "../types";

ABI Codegen is not yet supported for Cosmos Ethermint EVM (track progress hereopen in new window) or Substrate WASM


In order to run your SubQuery Project on a locally hosted SubQuery Node, you need to first build your work.

Run the build command from the project's root directory.

Alternative build options

We support additional build options for subquery projects using subql build.

With this you can define additional entry points to build using the exports field in package.json.

"name": "project-name",
"version": "1.0.0",
"exports": {
  "entry_one": "./src/entry_one.ts",
  "entry_renamed": "./src/entry_two.ts"

Then by running subql build it will generate a dist folder with the following structure:

- project-name
  L dist
    L entry_one.js
    L entry_renamed.js
    L index.js

Note that it will build index.ts whether or not it is specified in the exports field.

For more information on using this including flags, see cli reference.


The console.log method is not supported. Instead, a logger module has been injected in the types, which means we support a logger that can accept various logging levels."Info level message");
logger.debug("Debugger level message");
logger.warn("Warning level message");

To use or logger.warn, just place the line into any mapping file. When developing a SubQuery project, it's common to log a message with the block height at the start of each mapping function so you can easily identify that the mapping function has been triggered and is executing. In addition, you can inspect the payload of data passed through to the mapping function easily by stringifying the payload. Note that JSON.stringify doesn’t support native BigInts.

export async function handleLog(log: EthereumLog): Promise<void> {'New log found at ' + log.blockNumber.toString());'New log payload ' + JSON.stringify(;
  ... // do something

The default log level is info and above. To use logger.debug,you must add --log-level=debug to your command line.

If you are running a docker container, add this line to your docker-compose.yaml file.


You should now see the new logging in the terminal screen.