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NEAR Manifest File

SubQuery TeamAbout 5 min

NEAR Manifest File

The Manifest project.yaml file can be seen as an entry point of your project and it defines most of the details on how SubQuery will index and transform the chain data. It clearly indicates where we are indexing data from, and to what on chain events we are subscribing to.

The Manifest can be in either YAML or JSON format. In this document, we will use YAML in all the examples.

Below is a standard example of a basic NEAR project.yaml.

specVersion: 1.0.0

name: near-subql-starter
version: 0.0.1
    name: "@subql/node-near"
    version: "*"
    name: "@subql/query"
    version: "*"
description: "This project can be use as a starting point for developing your new NEAR SubQuery project"
repository: ""

  file: ./schema.graphql

  chainId: mainnet
  # This endpoint must be a public non-pruned archive node
  # We recommend providing more than one endpoint for improved reliability, performance, and uptime
  # Public nodes may be rate limited, which can affect indexing speed
  # When developing your project we suggest getting a private API key from a commercial provider
  endpoint: [""]
  # Optionally provide the HTTP endpoint of a full chain dictionary to speed up processing
  bypassBlocks: [81003306] # This is a missing block from the NEAR mainnet chain that we are skipping
  - kind: near/Runtime
    startBlock: 80980000 # You can set any start block you want here. This block was when the sweat_welcome.near address was created
      file: "./dist/index.js"
        # Using block handlers slows your project down as they can be executed with each and every block. Only use if you need to
        # - handler: handleBlock
        #   kind: near/BlockHandler
        #   filter:
        #     modulo: 10
        - handler: handleTransaction
          kind: near/TransactionHandler
            sender: sweat_welcome.near
            receiver: token.sweat
        - handler: handleAction
          kind: near/ActionHandler
            type: FunctionCall
            methodName: storage_deposit
            receiver: token.sweat


Top Level Spec

specVersionStringThe spec version of the manifest file
nameStringName of your project
versionStringVersion of your project
descriptionStringDiscription of your project
repositoryStringGit repository address of your project
schemaSchema SpecThe location of your GraphQL schema file
networkNetwork SpecDetail of the network to be indexed
dataSourcesDataSource SpecThe datasource to your project
templatesTemplates SpecAllows creating new datasources from this templates
runnerRunner SpecRunner specs info

Schema Spec

fileStringThe location of your GraphQL schema file

Network Spec

If you start your project by using the subql init command, you'll generally receive a starter project with the correct network settings. If you are changing the target chain of an existing project, you'll need to edit the Network Spec section of this manifest.

The chainId is the network identifier of the blockchain. In NEAR, it's either mainnet or testnet.

Additionally you will need to update the endpoint. This defines the (HTTP or WSS) endpoint of the blockchain to be indexed - this must be a full archive node. This property can be a string or an array of strings (e.g. endpoint: ['', '']). We suggest providing an array of endpoints as it has the following benefits:

  • Increased speed - When enabled with worker threads, RPC calls are distributed and parallelised among RPC providers. Historically, RPC latency is often the limiting factor with SubQuery.
  • Increased reliability - If an endpoint goes offline, SubQuery will automatically switch to other RPC providers to continue indexing without interruption.
  • Reduced load on RPC providers - Indexing is a computationally expensive process on RPC providers, by distributing requests among RPC providers you are lowering the chance that your project will be rate limited.

Public nodes may be rate limited which can affect indexing speed, when developing your project we suggest getting a private API key from a professional RPC provider.

chainIdStringA network identifier for the blockchain
endpointStringDefines the RPC endpoint of the blockchain to be indexed - This must be a full archive node. You can retrieve endpoints for all parachains for free from OnFinalityopen in new window
portNumberOptional port number on the endpoint to connect to
dictionaryStringIt is suggested to provide the HTTP endpoint of a full chain dictionary to speed up processing - read how a SubQuery Dictionary works. For NEAR mainnet this is provided (we don't run a dictionary for the testnet)
bypassBlocksArrayBypasses stated block numbers, the values can be a range(e.g. "10- 50") or integer, see Bypass Blocks

Runner Spec

nodeRunner node specDescribe the node service use for indexing
queryRunner query specDescribe the query service

Runner Node Spec

versionStringVersion of the indexer Node service, it must follow the SEMVERopen in new window rules or latest, you can also find available versions in subquery SDK releasesopen in new window

Runner Query Spec

nameStringWe currently support @subql/query
versionStringVersion of the Query service, available versions can be found hereopen in new window, it also must follow the SEMVER rules or latest.

Datasource Spec

Defines the data that will be filtered and extracted and the location of the mapping function handler for the data transformation to be applied.

startBlockIntegerThis changes your indexing start block, set this higher to skip initial blocks with less data
mappingMapping Spec

Mapping Spec

handlers & filtersDefault handlers and filtersList all the mapping functions and their corresponding handler types, with additional mapping filters.

Data Sources and Mapping

In this section, we will talk about the default NEAR runtime and its mapping. Here is an example:

  - kind: near/Runtime # Indicates that this is default runtime
    startBlock: 9820210 # This changes your indexing start block, set this higher to skip initial blocks with less data
      file: dist/index.js # Entry path for this mapping

Mapping Handlers and Filters

The following table explains filters supported by different handlers.

Your SubQuery project will be much more efficient when you only use TransactionHandler or ActionHandler handlers with appropriate mapping filters (e.g. NOT a BlockHandler).

HandlerSupported filter
near/BlockHandlermodulo, timestamp
near/TransactionHandlersender, reciever
near/ActionHandlertype, sender, receiver, methodName, 'args', 'publicKey', 'accessKey', 'beneficiaryId'

Default runtime mapping filters are an extremely useful feature to decide what block, transaction, or action will trigger a mapping handler.

Only incoming data that satisfy the filter conditions will be processed by the mapping functions. Mapping filters are optional but are highly recommended as they significantly reduce the amount of data processed by your SubQuery project and will improve indexing performance.

# Example filter from TransactionHandler
  sender: sweat_welcome.near
  receiver: token.sweat

# Example filter from ActionHandler:
  type: FunctionCall
  methodName: 'storage_deposit'

The modulo filter allows handling every N blocks, which is useful if you want to group or calculate data at a set interval. The following example shows how to use this filter.

  modulo: 50 # Index every 50 blocks: 0, 50, 100, 150....

Action Types

There are several types of actions as defined hereopen in new window

Bypass Blocks

Bypass Blocks allow you to skip the stated blocks, this is useful when there are erroneous blocks in the chain or when a chain skips a block after an outage or a hard fork. It accepts both a range or single integer entry in the array.

When declaring a range use an string in the format of "start - end". Both start and end are inclusive, e.g. a range of "100-102" will skip blocks 100, 101, and 102.

  chainId: mainnet
  bypassBlocks: [1, 2, 3, "105-200", 290]


You can validate your project manifest by running subql validate. This will check that it has the correct structure, valid values where possible and provide useful feedback as to where any fixes should be made.